Dalai Lama ( Tib. : ta la’i bla ma , often with “ocean the same teacher,” translated)  is the title of the highest Trülku within the hierarchy of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism . He was the first time in 1578 as an honorary title from the Mongol prince Altan Khan to his spiritual teacher Sonam Gyatsho awarded.The current 14th Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk Tenzin Gyatsho .
The Dalai Lama in Tibetan Buddhism as a bodhisattva understood as an enlightened being who out of compassion incarnate , that is, consciously back in – for example – entered human existence. Although the enlightened one cycle of rebirth can leave bodhisattva vow to take their rebirth to voluntarily undertaken to alleviate the suffering of other sentient beings ( Bodhisattva vow ).
Dalai Lamas are considered emanations of Avalokiteshvara (Tib ras spyan gzigs ; Chenrezig), the Bodhisattva of Compassion, which occurs on the earth as a man (see also: Nirmanakaya ).
The Dalai Lama is – contrary to a widespread misunderstanding – not the spiritual leader of the Gelug school, this position has the Ganden Tripa held.
A Dalai Lama is in accordance with Tibetan tradition as Trülku (Tib: sprul sku , a senior ‘born again’, specifically as a reincarnation of Avalokiteshvara).
It is assumed that this rebirth can be found, what of the Order of senior leadership often several monks existing finding commissions are authorized. The fourteenth Dalai Lama was on a vision of the Regent Jampel Yeshe Gyeltshen on Lhatso Lhamo and other signs found by one of three commissions and recognized.
Once the decision has been made for one of the candidates, the child will be officially declared reincarnation of previous Dalai Lama and receives traditionally a monastic education in Tibetan Buddhism, Tibetan culture, language , writing , calligraphy and general knowledge. With this also played Penche Lama a role, since the time of Lobsang Chokyi Gyeltshen was the Dalai Lama in a teacher-pupil ratio of the Gelug school.
The honorary title of Dalai Lama was the first time in 1578 at Sonam Gyatsho awarded, as this is at the invitation of the Prince of Tumed-Mongol Altan Khan went on a mission trip for a few months at his court. He returned the favor and gave his hand to the Mongol prince an honorary degree. In this way, he assumed the kingdom of Altan Khan’s spiritual protection and secured in exchange for his support in the fight of his order to the Lamaism supremacy against the rival schools. Since the two previous Sonam Gyatshos subsequently been recognized as the Dalai Lama, he counts himself as the third Dalai Lama.
Exercise of state sovereignty
As the western Mongol prince Gushri Khan , who saw himself as the protector of the Dalai Lama (then it was Ngawang Lobsang Gyatsho , the 5th Dalai Lama), a multi-year war in Central Tibet conquered, and on 7 February 1642 after taking the city of Shigatse, the last king of Tsang Tenkyong Wangpo (1606-1642) captured, he proclaimed himself to be first ruler of Tibet. On 3 May 1642, he then declared in a solemn ceremony, the Dalai Lama to the supreme authority throughout Tibet, “by Dajianlu (see also Kardze ) in the east to Ladakh in the west. ” The political violence of the government Ganden Phodrang (Tib: dga ‘ldan pho brang ) should be a “Desi” (Tib: sde srid ; Regent) are exercised, the one with the powers of a prime minister was fitted.
Follow the first vacancy
When the fifth Dalai Lama on 2 Died in April 1682 was, for the government of Tibet, a difficult situation. She had to make the search for his reincarnation, a newborn child, this child had a first-class education and training can bestow, and wait for his age until he as 6 Dalai Lama could begin to rule the country. So long for a generation, Tibet and its government would have no head of state must do. One might assume that neighboring peoples, but also forces within that time would use a certain power vacuum to their advantage and disadvantage of Tibet. To prevent this, have the 5th Dalai Lama Desi Sanggye Gyatsho (1653-1705) still instructing on his deathbed, his death so long to keep secret until the work on the Potala Palace were completed. This is what happened, obviously with the approval and support of all court officials and clergy. To maintain the appearance, had from time to time a public appearance or an audience for Mongolian dignitaries will be staged. Depending was sometimes placed his Zeremonialrobe in the audience hall to the throne, or a suitable monk was the sovereign doubeln. The training of the 6th Dalai Lama suffered from the need for secrecy. It could only know secret carriers who he was. It was not until 1696, a year after the completion of the Potala Palace, the Desi announced that the Dalai Lama had died already in 1682 and presented a 13-year-old boy as his reincarnation. Both the Mongols and the allied Chinese emperors ( Kangxi ), who knew the Dalai Lama and his teachings to appreciate the Tibetan policy of recent years but experienced as hostile to China, felt betrayed. Confidence in the institution of the Dalai Lama was severely shaken.
Such an attempt, the death of the Dalai Lama to be kept secret, was not undertaken for these experiences. However, it was in the next two centuries, the normal state, as a glance at the list below, that were done in affairs of state of Tibet, the regents, because the Dalai Lama was still a minor. Many of them died young.